During the 2015–2016 school year, Black students represented only 15% of total US student enrollment, but they made up 35% of students suspended once, 44% of students suspended more than once, and 36% of students expelled. The US Department of Education concluded that this disparity is “not explained by more frequent or more serious misbehavior by students of color.”
In New York City, 88% of police stops in 2018 involved Black and Latinx people, while 10% involved white people. (Of those stops, 70% were completely innocent.)
In one US survey, 15.8% of students reported experiencing race-based bullying or harassment. Research has found significant associations between racial bullying and negative mental and physical health in students.
From 2013 to 2017, white patients in the US received better quality health care than about 34% of Hispanic patients, 40% of Black patients, and 40% of Native American patients.
Black women are 3 to 4 times more likely to experience a pregnancy-related death than white women, even at similar levels of income and education.
Black Americans are more likely than white Americans to be arrested. Once arrested, they are more likely to be convicted, and once convicted, they are more likely to experience lengthy prison sentences.
Black Americans and white Americans use drugs at similar rates, but Black Americans are 6 times more likely to be arrested for it.
On average, Black men in the US receive sentences that are 19.1% longer than those of white men convicted for the same crimes.
In the US, Black individuals are twice as likely to be unemployed than white individuals. Once employed, Black individuals earn nearly 25% less than their white counterparts.
One US study found that job resumes with traditionally white-sounding names received 50% more callbacks than those with traditionally Black names.
In the US, Black workers are less likely than white workers to be employed in a job that is consistent with their level of education.